Volume 3 Number 3 (May 2013)
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IJAPM 2013 Vol.3(3): 208-216 ISSN: 2010-362X
DOI: 10.7763/IJAPM.2013.V3.207

Universal Introduction to the Quantum Hall Effect

Keshav N. Shrivastava
Abstract—The Hall effect is the generation of a current perpendicular to the direction of applied electric as well as applied magnetic field in a metal or a semiconductor. It is used to determine the concentration of electrons. The Quantum Hall effect has been discovered by von Klitzing in Germany and by Tsui, Stormer and Gossard in U.S.A. Robert Laughlin also in U.S.A. explained the quantization of Hall current by using “flux quantization” and introduced incompressibility to obtain fractional charge. We have developed the theory of the quantum Hall effect by using the theory of angular momentum. Our predicted fractions are in accord with those measured. Von Klitzing in 1985, and Tsui, Stormer and Laughlin in 1998 received the Nobel prize for their discoveries. In this lecture, we report a review of the subject as well as emphasize our explanation of the observed phenomena. We use spin to explain the fractional charge and hence we discover spin-charge coupling. We find a new way to quantize the flux and compare our explanation with other prize winning researches.

Index Terms—Angular momentum, flux quantization, hall effect, modified landau levels, modified lande’s g value formula.

K. N. Shrivastava is with the University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046, India (e-mail: keshav1001@yahoo.com).

Cite:Keshav N. Shrivastava, "Universal Introduction to the Quantum Hall Effect," International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 208-216, 2013.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-362X (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Appl. Phys. Math.
Frequency: Quarterly
DOI: 10.17706/IJAPM
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haydar Akca 
Abstracting/ Indexing:  Index Copernicus, EI (INSPEC, IET), Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Nanowerk Database, Google Scholar, EBSCO, etc.
E-mail: ijapm@iap.org
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