Volume 2 Number 3 (May 2012)
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IJAPM 2012 Vol.2(3): 146-148 ISSN:2010-362X
DOI: 10.7763/IJAPM.2012.V2.72

Electromigration: A Unique Tool for Microstructure Engineering in Metal Films

S. M. Mohanasundaram, Rudra Pratap, and Arindam Ghosh

Abstract—Electromigration has long been studied in the context of interconnect reliability in integrated circuits. It has also been used to create metal electrodes with nanogaps for molecular electronics. Here we report a new application of electromigration as a tool for locally engineering the microstructure of thin metal films. By controlling the level of disorder in the system, electromigration enables us to modify the electrical and electromechanical properties of the film. We have developed and implemented a feedback control algorithm for high precision control of the electromigration process. We have demonstrated the usefulness of the technique by using it to enhance the strain sensitivity of a metal based piezoresistive transducer. This enhancement can be attributed to the change in microstructure of the film which in turn changes the electronic transport mechanism.

Index Terms—Electromigration, microstructure, feedbackcontrol, piezoresistance.

S. M. Mohanasundaram and A. Ghosh is with Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India (email:contactmohan@gmail.com).
R. Pratap is with Centre for Nano Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.

 

Cite: S. M. Mohanasundaram, Rudra Pratap, and Arindam Ghosh, "Electromigration: A Unique Tool for Microstructure Engineering in Metal Films," International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics  vol. 2, no. 3, pp.  146-148, 2012.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-362X (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Appl. Phys. Math.
Frequency: Quarterly
DOI: 10.17706/IJAPM
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haydar Akca 
Abstracting/ Indexing:  Index Copernicus, IET INSPEC, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Nanowerk Database, Google Scholar, EBSCO, etc.
E-mail: ijapm@iap.org
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