Volume 4 Number 4 (Jul. 2014)
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IJAPM 2014 Vol.4(4): 267-274 ISSN: 2010-362X
DOI: 10.7763/IJAPM.2014.V4.297

Finite Element Analysis of Osteoporotic Vertebrae with First Lumbar (L1) Vertebral Compression Fracture

M. H. Mazlan, M. Todo, Hiromitsu Takano, and Ikuho Yonezawa

Abstract—The aim of this work is to assess the biomechanical response or load transfer response between osteoporotic (with first lumbar (L1) vertebral compression fracture) and healthy vertebrae in five vertebral physiological motions namely as compression, flexion, extension, lateral bending and axial rotation. For this purpose, an image-basedheterogeneous three-dimensional patient-specific of lumbar and thoracic spinal unit (T12-L2) finite element models for healthy and osteoporotic subjects were created.
The finite element analysis have shown that one of the most significant effects of osteoporosis is the tendency to produce higher stress and strain in the cancellous region of the vertebral body. The maximum stress and strain was 4.53 fold (compression) and 5.43 fold (axial rotation) higher for the osteoporotic than the healthy subject, respectively, under the similar loading activity. Uneven stress distribution patterns also have been detected in the osteoporotic vertebrae rather than the healthy vertebrae. All of these characteristicsare reflected bya reduced structural strength and bone mass which might lead to an increased risk of fracture. These results strengthen the paradigm of a strong relationship between osteoporosis and its high susceptibility to fracture.

Index Terms—Biomechanics, finite element analysis, osteoporosis, vertebrae.

M. H. Mazlan is with Kyushu University, Japan (e-mail: hazli.010@s.kyushu-u.ac.jp).
M. Todo is with the Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Japan (e-mail: todo@riam.kyushu-u.ac.jp).
Hiromitsu Takano and Ikuho Yonezawa are with the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Japan (e-mail: hrtakano@juntendo.ac.jp).

Cite: M. H. Mazlan, M. Todo, Hiromitsu Takano, and Ikuho Yonezawa, "Finite Element Analysis of Osteoporotic Vertebrae with First Lumbar (L1) Vertebral Compression Fracture," International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 267-274, 2014.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-362X (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Appl. Phys. Math.
Frequency: Quarterly
DOI: 10.17706/IJAPM
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Haydar Akca 
Abstracting/ Indexing: INSPEC(IET), CNKI, Google Scholar, EBSCO, Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), etc.
E-mail: ijapm@iap.org
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